My research interests are varied, however projects I am involved with tend to have at least one of three focuses:

- To make mathematics more enjoyable to teach and learn;
- To explore the connections between research and practice;
- To undertake experimental-research in actual classroom settings.

Below is a list of my recent peer-reviewed journal publications and conference papers, with links to the corresponding articles.

**Journal Articles**

Russo, J., & Hopkins, S. (2017). How does lesson structure shape teacher perceptions of teaching with challenging tasks? . *Mathematics Teacher Education and Development, 19*(1), 30-46.

Russo, J., & Hopkins, S. (2017). Student reflections on learning with challenging tasks:‘I think the worksheets were just for practice, and the challenges were for maths’. *Mathematics Education Research Journal*, 29(3), 283-311.

Russo, J., & Hopkins, S. (2018). Teachers’ Perceptions of Students When Observing Lessons Involving Challenging Tasks. *International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education*.

Russo, J., & Hopkins, S. (2018). Teaching primary mathematics with challenging tasks: How should lessons be structured? *The Journal of Educational Research.*

**Conference Papers**

Hopkins, S., & Russo, J. (2017). Does (Problem-Based) Practice Always Make Proficient? In S. L. A. Downton, & J. Hall. (Ed.), *Proceedings of the 40th Annual Conference of the Mathematics Education Research Group of Australasia* (pp. 317-324). Melbourne, Australia: MERGA.

Russo, J. (2015). How challenging tasks optimise cognitive load. In K. Beswick, Muir, T., & Wells, J. (Ed.), *Proceedings of 39th Psychology of Mathematics Education conference* (Vol. 4, pp. 105-112). Hobart, Australia: PME.

Russo, J., & Hopkins, S. (2017). Examining the Impact of Lesson Structure when Teaching with Cognitively Demanding Tasks in the Early Primary Years. In S. L. A. Downton, & J. Hall. (Ed.), *Proceedings of the 40th Annual Conference of the Mathematics Education Research Group of Australasia* (pp. 450-457). Melbourne, Australia: MERGA.